WASHINGTON (AP) – Saturday’s election ruling is not the final step in choosing a US president. Under a system that has been adjusted for more than two centuries, there is still a weekly milestone in which the Electoral College of 538 members choose the president.
See through the main steps:
– When US citizens vote for a presidential candidate, they are actually voting for electors in their state. Those electors in most cases committed to support the candidate of their choice. The number of electors is equal to the number of electoral votes for each state. State laws differ in how electors are selected but in general, a group of electors for each party’s candidate is selected at state party conventions or by a vote of the central committee of the state. party.
– After Election Day, the states count the ballots and confirm the results of the popular vote. When completed, each governor was asked to prepare “as soon as possible” documents called “Certificates of Achievement” about the vote. Certificates list the names of the voters and the number of votes for the winners and losers. Certificates, stamped for each state, are sent to the archives of the United States.
December 8 is the deadline for resolving electoral disputes at the state level. All state recounts and court contests for presidential election results will be completed by this date.
December 14: Electors vote on paper ballots in their respective states and the District of Columbia. Thirty-three states and DC have a party law or regulation that requires electors to vote in the same way that the popular voting takes place in the state and in some states, electors can even be replaced or subjected to penalty, according to the Congressional Research Service. Ballots for the president and vice president are counted and voters sign the six “Certificates of Ballot.” The certificates, along with other official papers, were sent by registered mail to various officials, including the president of the Senate.
December 23: Certificates must be handed over to designated officers. If they are not delivered, the law provides alternative routes to getting results for Washington.
January 6, 2021: The House and Senate hold a joint session to count the electoral votes. If one vote receives 270 or more electoral votes, the president of the Senate, now Vice President Mike Pence, publishes the results.
Members of Congress may oppose returns from any state when they are notified. The objection must be in writing by at least one member of the House of Representatives and one of the Senate. If the objection meets certain requirements, each room has a separate meeting room to contest the objection for up to two hours. After that, each voting booth accepts or rejects the objection. Back at the general session, the results of the respective ballots were announced. Any opposition to the state electoral ballot must be approved by both houses to rule out any disputed ballot.
If no presidential candidate wins at least 270 electoral votes, the House of Representatives decides the election, based on the 12th Amendment to the Constitution. If requested, the House of Representatives will elect the president by majority vote.
January 20: The president-elect is sworn in on Inauguration Day.