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What is the Electoral College and how does it work?



Kimberly Wehle, a professor at the University of Baltimore and author of the book “What you need to know about voting and why” says the electoral selection process can be a “insider game.” . They are usually state legislators, party leaders or donors, she said.

The key figure is 270. A total of 538 electoral votes are active across all 50 states and Washington, DC. The total number of electoral votes assigned to each state differs depending on the population, but each state has at least three, and the District of Columbia has had three electors since 1

961.

Most do, and it would be helpful to think about voting on a state-by-state basis, Professor Amar said.

“It’s like in tennis,” he said. “How many games you won, not how many games or points you won. You have to win practice, and in our system, you have to win bangs. “

The two exceptions are Maine and Nebraska, which rely on districts to divide electoral votes. The winner of the state popular vote receives two electoral votes and one vote is awarded to the winner of the popular vote in each congressional district.

There are arguments that states with smaller populations are overrepresented in the Electoral College, because each state has at least 3 electors regardless of population. In one clear example, the sparsely populated Wyoming has three votes and a population of around 580,000, giving its individual voters more influence in the election than the millions of their counterparts in. populated states like Florida, California and New York. And US citizens living in territories such as Puerto Rico, Guam, and the US Virgin Islands are not represented by any electorate.

Alexander Keyssar, professor of history and social policy at Harvard University, said: “When you talk about the Electoral College shaping the election, it shapes the election because it focuses on some of the most states. not the other states, ”says Alexander Keyssar, professor of history and social policy at Harvard University.

For years, there have been debates about the Electoral College’s complete abolition of the Electoral College, with the 2016 election bringing the debate back to the surface. It is even a talking point among the 2020 Democratic presidential candidates.


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