As the dust settles from the presidential race, the eyes of the political world turn to Georgia, where two sprint elections in early January are almost certain to determine which party is in control. The Senate.
The results of the elections, which will take place two weeks before the inauguration of President-elect Joseph R. Biden Jr., will turn the majority around the Democrats, giving the new president ample power to do so. show his policy agenda and push through the nominations as he sees fit, or let Republicans take power, allowing them to influence his plans.
In the coming weeks, tens of millions of dollars in campaign cash are expected to flow into the state to fund a political advertising rush, while party leaders and interest groups are both the two sides focused their attention on the races.
Here’s how it will work.
What is a flow election?
A reciprocal election is essentially a rematch held when no candidate meets the criteria to win. Under Georgia law, candidates must receive a majority of votes to win an election. If no candidate breaks the 50 percent, the two with the highest votes face off again in an overflow election to determine the winner.
Georgia’s Flow Code was created in the 1960s as a way to maintain white political power in a country with a majority white and lessen the influence of black politicians. who can easily win the multi-party race with a majority of votes, according to the Interior Ministry. report.
Since the 1990s, Democrats have only won one in seven statewide passes in general or special elections, according to the Inside Elections, non-partisan political bulletin.
Why does Georgia have two?
While the chaotic Senate elections are preventing two state seats from being re-elected at the same time, this has been an unusual year for Georgia.
Sen. David Perdue, a Republican, is facing a normal re-election run for the chair he won in 2014. In addition, Sen. Kelly Loeffler, a Republican another appointed last year to succeed Sen. Johnny Isakson after he retired due to health problems, is facing a special election to serve the remainder of his term until 2022. .
Both of their races went to the finals because neither they nor their challengers won at least 50% of the vote.
After the extended vote count ended Friday night, Mr. Perdue was just short of the majority he needed to win the election against Jon Ossoff, a Democrat, making both of them. escape. In 2017, Mr. Ossoff lost a sprint election to his seat in the House of Representatives.
It was clear since Tuesday that Ms. Loeffler’s race would be decided in a run-through, after Father Dr. Raphael Warnock, a Democrat, and Ms. Loeffler emerged as two top finishers. in a crowded field that competed to replace Mr. Isakson.
When are the runoffs and how are people involved?
Georgia law says the raid will take place on Tuesday of the ninth week after the election. That puts them on January 5th. Voters have to register before December 7.
The state will hold three weeks of early voting. Registered voters may vote by mail if they require an absentee ballot.
How is the voting different from the election on Election Day?
Traditionally, candidates will find it difficult to convince voters to participate in elections that do not run for president on the ballot, and this special election will take place soon after the new year with the country still in the middle pandemic coronavirus.
In the past, Democrats have struggled in such races, in which the Republicans are dominating this form in Georgia.
However, both parties are expected to dedicate ample resources to put their voters out for passes, and since no other races take place across the country, great attention is paid. The nation’s focus will be on Georgia.
The stakes will be high. Republicans make up a majority between 53 and 47, but after this week’s elections, they are forced 48 with 48 with Democrats. While Senate races in Alaska and North Carolina have yet to be convened, Republicans are expected to dominate in those states, which will put the party in control of 50 seats.
If Republicans take the lead in those states, the Democrats will need to win both seats in Georgia to secure a 50-50 draw in the Senate. Then, Vice President-elect Kamala Harris can vote a breakout to implement the Democratic agenda. If they lose one, the Republicans will maintain their majority, despite the lowest profit.
With judicial candidates, a stimulus agreement, infrastructure and health care measures, and tax and spending policies all matched, Senate races in Georgia are likely. Intense place reflected the presidential race just ended.
And with President Trump refusing to give in and making unfounded accusations that the election was stolen from him, the Republicans are likely to try to use their discontent about the race. the president to incite their voters to return to Georgia and deny Mr. Biden into the Senate which he will need to get the job done.