Dr. Sean O’Leary, vice president of the Committee for Infectious Diseases of the American Academy of Pediatrics, told CNN’s Anderson Cooper on Monday that childhood coronavirus cases should be taken seriously.
“It’s not fair to say that this virus is completely benign in children,” said O’Leary. “We’ve had 90 child deaths in the US, in just a few months. Every year we worry about childhood flu and there are about 100 child deaths from the flu every year.”
Leary says many factors have led to a recent increase in coronavirus infections in children over the past few weeks, including increased testing, increased mobility in children and an increase in infections in the speaking population. general.
“When you see more infections in the general population, you see more infections in children,” says O̵7;Leary.
“We all have to take this virus seriously, including taking care of our children,” said O’Leary.
Death is still rare
The new report uses the case numbers provided by health departments in 49 states, New York City, District of Columbia, Puerto Rico and Guam.
There were 179,990 new cases of Covid-19 among US children between July 9 and August 6, according to the report. At least 380,174 total Covid-19 cases in children have been reported as of August 6.
Until now, it seems serious symptoms are rare in children with Covid-19 infection. Children make up between 0.5% and 5.3% of all hospital admissions, according to data from the states that record that information. Children are 0% to 0.4% of all Covid-19 deaths.
19 states have reported no child deaths. In states of detailed monitoring, 0% to 0.5% of all Covid-19 cases of children resulted in death. However, experts fear these numbers could increase as childhood cases increase and more children with autoimmune disorders and other risks are affected.
“As the number of cases increases on a large scale, that has the potential to affect more children with more serious illness,” O’Leary said in a press release from the AAP.
The AAP calls for an effective testing strategy so that the community can make the right choice about school opening.
“In areas with rapid spread in the community, there is a chance that more children will be infected, too, and these data show that … We have to make a difference, plus one at a time. co, “AAP President, Dr. Sally Goza said in the newly posted information.
“To protect everyone in our community – children, adolescents, and the elderly – we must adhere to all public health measures we know may contain viruses. This includes keeping body distance, wearing a veil, washing hands and avoiding large gatherings, “says O’Leary.
Children easily spread the virus
“Children 0 to 5 years of age can” very easily infect others. William Haseltine, a former professor at Harvard Medical School, said in an interview on Monday on CNN.
Haseltine, known for its groundbreaking work on HIV / AIDS and the human genome.
And that’s true for almost all respiratory illnesses, including coronaviruses and colds, added Haseltine. And this is one of those cousins. “It even uses the same receptor in the nasal passages as one of the cold viruses. It’s just a cold virus that kills.”
Needed for the same as an adult ICU
The report reviewed hospitalization records from 14 states and found 576 cases of Covid-19 among children who needed hospitalization between March and July 25.
Although not many children need hospital care, if they are admitted to hospital, one in three need to be treated in an intensive care unit, the CDC team reports. That is the same rate as for adults.
“Children may develop severe COVID-19 disease; during surveillance, one in three children are admitted to the ICU. Hispanic and black children have rates of inter-hospitalization,” the team wrote. relative to the highest COVID-19 “.
The CDC does not have complete data on every child, but for 208 children where the CDC can perform a full medical chart assessment, it found 69 children admitted to the ICU and nearly 6% of them they need to be placed on a ventilator. . One of those children died.
Children 2 years of age and younger are most likely to be hospitalized. Hispanic and black children are more likely to be hospitalized than white children. More than 40% have one or more underlying conditions. Obesity is the most common underlying condition, followed by chronic lung disease.
While Covid-19’s symptoms tend to be mild in children, they can spread the disease. To slow the pandemic, the CDC says children should be encouraged to wash their hands regularly, keep a friendly distance from others, and if they are 2 years or older, they should wear a mask when outside of those around them. around. members of their family.