Over the past four years, President Trump has changed the principles that have shaped US foreign policy for decades, preferring a personality-driven, transactional approach to world affairs. at times angering some of the closest US allies.
Trump knows the world is watching as he tries to win his second term. “China wants me out, Iran wants me out, Germany wants me out, they all want me out,” he said at a rally on Saturday. “But here we are, right?”
If Joe Biden wins, the election will mark a major turning point for US policy. He promised to restore a more traditional strategy to foreign policy. He said that one of his first acts as president was “to call the heads of state and say, ̵6;America is back, you can count on us.’ “
Europe held its breath, Russia warned of chaos
Russia’s hopes for a Trump victory are reflected in the comments of the pro-Kremlin media. A common theme in elections is disintegrating American democracy, the face of violence, conflict and even civil war after the election. State-owned television station Vesti focuses on building a fence around the White House and has reported that Trump will likely spend the night after the election “in a bunker.”
Dmitry Kiselyov, speaking on a weekly political program on state television on Sunday, said the situation had “exploded” and the struggle for power in Washington was no longer subject to any rules.
In Europe, where Trump is unpopular most countries, people and leaders are watching closely. Many worried that Trump might withdraw from NATO if he was re-elected, causing a security revolution that would transform European societies with reconstruction needs.
German leaders, heeding their own historical experience of state-sanctioned violence, were particularly concerned. “In #USA, we found it was no longer just competition. Hate has infiltrated the political system. There is no more center, only polarization, ”wrote the chairman of the German parliament’s foreign affairs committee, Norbert Röttgen on Twitter.
In particular, the European leaders say they are preparing for the uncertain days. A senior European official sent “folded his arms” emoji when asked about the election on Tuesday. The official sent the message on condition of anonymity for fear of reducing Trump’s rage toward the official’s country.
London Mayor Sadiq Khan took to Twitter to approve Biden and wished him good luck, adding that the world cannot strive for a better future without America. “We are supporting you,” he wrote. Khan’s support for Biden after years of public conflict with Trump.
Best-selling British novelist Matt Haig worries about the impact Trump’s four years could have on global action on climate change, saying that the future of the planet is at stake. “Seriously in 2024, it will be too late to start acting for the environment”, he tweeted.
China hopes to change
Cautious expectation spread across Asia Pacific, an area that has been heavily shaped in the past two years by the Trump administration’s confrontation with China.
In China, the US election dominated social media talk, with many Chinese analysts predicting that Biden’s victory could usher in a welcome diplomatic break. But some are gloomy about the long-term prospects in Sino-US relations: Even if Trump loses, analysts say, he will still leave his mark by treating Washington and Beijing as a counterpart. long-term defense.
“We hope that after Biden returns, at least we can resume high-level dialogue,” said Ding Yifan, a senior fellow at the Taihe Institute and a former Chinese cabinet adviser. “Biden wants to compete with China but cooperate, and that’s how we shape the relationship. It’s not a good thing to see the democratic system in the world’s most powerful country go wrong. It was really a terrible thing ”.
The United States’ relationship with the Middle East is also balanced after Trump pulled the United States out of the nuclear deal negotiated by the Obama administration and other powers around the world with Iran. reapplying harsh US sanctions to promote “maximum pressure” on the Iranian government.
According to recent polls, how the next administration is dealing with Iran is one of the top considerations for the Arab world. Yousef al-Otaiba, influential United Arab Emirates ambassador to Washington, said that different approaches towards Iran constitute the main distinguishing feature between the two candidates. “The biggest mistake right now is how to deal with Iran. … There is a disagreement, ”he told National, a newspaper based in Abu Dhabi.
Iran’s supreme leader, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, said the election results would be no different for the Islamic Republic and he taunted Trump for predicting the fraud of his own country’s election. . “This shows the ugly face of liberal democracy in American society,” he said.
Hoping for more Trump
In Israel, observers say the victory at Biden – after four years of close cooperation between Trump and Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu – could accelerate the end of the current compromise government in Jerusalem and lead to the election. For several months.
“Netanyahu made his relationship with President Trump a key highlight for Israeli voters,” said Jason Pearlman, a media strategist. “If Biden won, it would be seen as a real dent in Netanyahu’s influence.”
Israeli settlers in the West Bank gathered to pray for Trump’s reelection ahead of the American vote. Settler leaders have expressed concern that Trump’s loss could mean resisting recent foreign policy decisions, including moving the US Embassy to Jerusalem and reducing criticism. of the United States on Jewish settlements in the West Bank.
Trump’s ambassador to Israel, David Friedman, warned the Israelis in an interview that their enemies would be encouraged by a Biden victory.
Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orbán wrote in a recent essay: “We are rooted in Donald Trump’s victory, because we know well the foreign policy of American Democratic governments, built on moral empire ”. “We’ve been forced to sample before, we don’t like it, we don’t want seconds.”
Worry for America
Many observers expressed concern about American democracy. In a campaign where Trump refused to pledge to give back power if he lost the election, some US allies spoke of voting under conditions often reserved for fragile democracies. “I hope an outcome like what we have learned from Americans: democratic rules are accepted by all,” German Foreign Minister Heiko Maas told the Tagesspiegel on Sunday. “That means not only jubilant winners, but good losers.”
John Hewson, a former leader of the conservative Liberal Party in Australia, said the election exposed “fiction” that the United States was the world’s leading democracy, “when its integrity is highly vulnerable However, when it is easy to bully and oppress voters, restrict, challenge and reject votes, compromise the independence of the judiciary and ‘buy’ representation. “
“I was really shocked at what’s going on in the US election,” tweeted Nigerian television journalist Mary-Ann Duke Okon. “For a second there, the American media seemed like they were covering the African elections. How did the match go?
In Egypt, where Trump has called President Abdel Fatah al-Sissi “his favorite dictator,” Azza Radwan Sedky expressed his fears in state-owned Al Ahram Weekly that regardless of the outcome. Why, America could be in turmoil and she lamented its diminishing position on the world stage.
She wrote: “The world has always seen the United States as a melting pot, where races blend and coexist harmoniously. “It’s where millions of immigrants achieve the unattainable elsewhere of realizing America’s democratic, equality, and human rights ideals. This portrait is quickly disappearing ”.
Slater reports from New Delhi, Shih from Taipei and Dixon from Moscow. Theodora Yu and Shibani Mahtani in Hong Kong, Steve Hendrix and Shira Rubin in Jerusalem, Jennifer Hassan in London, Michael Birnbaum in Riga, Latvia and Paul Schemm in Dubai contributed to this report.