But the 17th Amendment provided for direct senator elections in 1913, and the population differences between the largest and smallest states have increased significantly since the Constitution was written. The current majority of Democrats in the Senate have been elected with more votes than the Republican majority, and by 2040, based on population predictions, about 70 percent of Americans will be represented by 30 percent of senators. .
Nearly a century ago, Carroll H. Wooddy published a scholarly article examining the possibility of “non-representative votes” in the Senate, in which he referred to votes in which the the senators on the winning side represent fewer Americans than the senators on the losing side. He concluded that these votes occurred infrequently, largely due to “there was no continuous coalition between less populated countries against more populated regions”.
Today, of course, population density is strongly correlated with party, and the structure of the Senate does not represent population not only within the party but also in terms of race, sex, age and characteristics other.
The Electoral College supporters argue that it protects less populated states, ensuring that their interests are not overtaken by states like New York and California. At the same time, opponents note that this system means that candidates pay attention to only a handful of states and it reduces the value of votes of those on either party living in the dominated state. by the other party. Republicans in Illinois did not influence presidential elections, and neither did the Tennessee Democrats.
It remains to be seen whether the 2020 election will provide fresh impetus to attempts to eliminate or dismantle the Electoral College, which have always been long turning points even though the majority of Americans – 61% in a visit. Gallup’s probe was published in September; 58% in a Pew Research Center poll in March – believe it should be scrapped.
John Koza, president of National Popular Vote Inc., said his group – which has pushed state legislatures for years to sign an agreement in which states will pledge to award prizes to electors of they give winners of the national popular vote – strong lobbying next year in states including Arizona, Minnesota, North Carolina and Pennsylvania. The contract has been signed by the states, mostly in blue, with a total of 196 electoral votes, but it will not go into effect unless that number reaches 270.
Dr. Koza, a computer scientist who taught at Stanford University, argued that the Electoral College should be abolished not because it systematically benefits one side over the other, but because it increases the likelihood that the electoral outcome will be challenged even if the Americans have a clear preference – exactly what is happening now.