If you think life on Earth in 2020 is comparable to hell, then planet K2-141b is here to prove you’re wrong.
On the scorching hot planet, hundreds of light years away, oceans are made up of molten lava, supersonic winds and rain are made of rock. Scientists have mentioned the strange,is one of the most “extreme” ever discovered.
According to a new study published in the journal Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, scientists from McGill University, York University and the Indian Institute of Educational Sciences discovered details about one of these ”; Latest “lava planet” – a world orbiting its host very close. that it is largely composed of flowing lava oceans.
Scientists found that the atmosphere and the weather cycle of K2-141b is. The it seems that the surface, ocean, and atmosphere are all made up of the same composition: rocks.
“This study is the first to predict weather conditions on K2-141b that can be detected hundreds of light years away using next-generation telescopes like the James Webb Space Telescope. “, lead author Giang Nguyen said in a newsletter. week.
While analyzing the planet’s lighting pattern, scientists found that about two-thirds of the planets experience permanent daylight. The proximity of K2-141b to its star in terms of gravity locks it in place – meaning that the same side is always facing the star.
This scorching part of the planet reaches a temperature of more than 5,400 degrees Fahrenheit. It’s hot enough to not only melt the rocks, but evaporate them, creating a thin, uncomfortable atmosphere.
“Our discovery could mean that the atmosphere extends slightly off the shores of the magma ocean, making it easier to spot with a space telescope,” said co-author Nicolas Cowan.
The rest of the planet is covered in never ending darkness, reaching a temperature of minus 328 degrees Fahrenheit.
During the Earth’s water cycle, water evaporates, rises to the atmosphere, condenses and returns to the surface as rain. Now imagine that process, but instead of water, the K2-141b only has rocks to work with.
The sodium, silicon monoxide, and silicon dioxide on K2-141b evaporate into mineral vapor, which is carried on the dark sides of the planet by supersonic winds that rage more than 3,100 miles per hour. From there, the “rain” rock bounced back into the 60-mile-deep magma ocean, flowing toward the light to restart the cycle.
However, this cycle is not as stable as the one on Earth, the scientists said. The flow of the ocean of magma from night to day is slower – the researchers predict mineral composition will change over time, ultimately completely changing the planet’s surface and atmosphere.
“All rocky planets, including Earth, started out as a molten world but then quickly cooled down and solidified,” Cowan said.
Scientists hope to further verify their observations whenlaunch in 2021.