An analysis of over 400,000 women between the ages of 15 and 44 and diagnosed with COVID-19 found that pregnant women were at a 70% higher risk of death than those who were not pregnant, according to the Center for Disease Control. Disease and Prevention.
Invasive ventilation, intensive care, and ECMO are also more common in pregnant women than in non-pregnant women. ECMO stands for oxidized outer body membranes. It is a procedure that removes blood from your body, runs it through a carbon dioxide filter and sends oxygen-rich blood back to the body.
The new study published on Monday comes after an earlier report from June found similar results in pregnant women and COVID-19 – except that the risk of dying from the disease is increased.
Pregnant women aged 35-44 years and positive for COVID-19 are almost four times more likely to require invasive ventilation and a 2 times higher risk of death than non-pregnant women of the same age.
What’s more, Hispanic women are 2.4 times more likely to die.
The report states: “Understanding the risks of SARS-CoV-2 infection in pregnant women can provide information on clinical practice, risk communication, and medical countermeasures. “Pregnant women should be informed of the risk of serious diseases associated with COVID-19 and warning signs of serious COVID-19.”
Between January 22 and October 3, about 409,000 women in the COVID-19 symptom case study included 23,434 pregnant women – 34 of them died, or 1.5 cases. died per 1,000 cases.
Of the 386,028 non-pregnant women who tested positive for COVID-19, another 447 died from coronavirus complications, or 1.2 deaths per 1,000, the CDC said.
These numbers may be explained by physiological changes that occur during pregnancy, such as increased heart rate, more oxygen consumption, decreased lung capacity, and increased risk of shape, the researchers said. clot wall and weakened immune system.
And although Black women make up only 14% of all women included in the analysis, they account for about 27% of all deaths in pregnant women and about 37% of deaths in non-pregnant people. pregnancy.
Meanwhile, Asian and Native Hawaiian / Pacific pregnant women are at an especially increased risk of admission to ICU.
Pregnant women 15 to 24 years younger face the risk of invasive mechanical ventilation three times that of non-pregnant women of the same age.
“To minimize the risk of SARS-CoV-2 infection, pregnant women should limit unnecessary interactions with people who may have been exposed to or have been infected with SARS-CoV-2, including family members. family as much as possible, ”the report reads.
“When going out or having contact with other people, pregnant women should wear a mask, stay away from society, avoid people who don’t wear masks, and wash hands often. In addition, pregnant women should take steps to ensure their overall health, including annual flu vaccination updates and prenatal care ”.