Female warriors hunt and slaughter a big game in the Andes around 9,000 years ago, a burial site containing launch points and cannibalistic tools was discovered.
The remains of a 17–19 year old hunter and her artifacts were found in a tomb at the archaeological site of Wilamaya Patjxa, in present-day Peru.
She is found with tools including stone warheads for chopping large animals, a knife and tools for gutting an animal and scraping or tanning.
It has long been thought that – in early human hunter-gatherer societies – it was men on the first task while women did the latter.
However, this finding ̵1; along with a broader analysis of early burial customs – has’ overturned the longstanding ‘hunter-killer’ hypothesis, the American researchers said.
Maybe nine millennia ago, the hunters of Wilamaya Patjxa could have hunted and killed Vicuña – animals related to llamas and camels – which still roam the Andes today.
The female warriors hunt and slaughter the big game in the Andes around 9,000 years ago, as described, a burial site containing launch points and cannibals tools has been revealed
The article author and anthropologist Randy Haas of the University of California, Davis said: ‘We believe these findings are particularly timely based on contemporary conversations surrounding gender labor practices. and inequality ‘.
He commented: ‘Labor practice among recent hunter-gatherer societies is highly sexually charged, which may lead some to believe that gender inequality in things like wages or grades somehow “natural”, ” he remarked.
“But it is clear now that the gender division of labor has been fundamentally different – more justified – in our species’ deep-for-hunter past.
Professor Haas et al – in collaboration with the local Mulla Fasiri community – discovered the burial place of the female warrior, complete with hunting ‘toolkit’ – during the excavation at Wilamaya Patjxa in 2018.
The researchers noted that the items that accompany people to their graves at death also tend to be items that they used in life.
The team determined that the hunter’s remains were likely that of a woman based on the structure of the bones – a conclusion was later confirmed by analysis of proteins found in fish teeth samples. multiply.
Analysis of the woman’s bones also found isotopic evidence of meat eating, which the researchers said supported the conclusion that she was a hunter.
The team also found another hunter’s burial ground – one with the remains of a man – believed to be around 25–30 years old.
“Our findings have prompted me to rethink the most basic organizational structure of ancient hunter-gatherer groups,” said Professor Haas.
“Among historical and contemporary hunter-gatherers, it is almost always the case that men are hunters and women are hunter-gatherers.
‘Because of this – and possibly due to sexist assumptions about the division of labor in Western society – archeological findings of women with hunting tools do not match the worldview. current.’
‘There must be a strong case to help us realize that the archaeological model shows the actual hunting behavior of women.’
The hunter’s remains and her artifacts were found in a grave at present-day high archaeological site Wilamaya Patjxa, in present-day Peru, in the photo
It has long been thought that – in early human hunter-gatherer societies – it was men on the task first while women did the latter. In the photo, tools excavated from the burial pit, among them launch points (Number 1–7), unmodified debris (8–10), edited piece (11–13), a knife may have back (14), thumbnail razor (15 & 16), razor / chopper (17–19), flint (17, 20 & 21) and vermilion nodule (22–24) )
The sudden discovery that one of the hunter’s graves belonged to a woman led the team to investigate whether this happened only once – or whether female warriors were actually more common than ban first thought.
Looking at similar records of late Pleistocene and early Holocene graves that were unearthed in both North and South America, the researchers counted 429 individuals rested on 107 different sites. .
Of these, 27 were buried with large hunting tools – with 11 women and 15 men.
Maybe nine millennia ago, hunters in Wilamaya Patjxa could have hunted the vicuña (pictured) – a related animal of llamas and camels – which still roam the Andes today.
The finding – along with an analysis of early burial customs – has’ overturned the longstanding ‘hunter-killer’ hypothesis, American researchers say. In the photo, the site Wilamaya Patjxa
The researchers concluded that this sample was sufficient to ‘warrant a conclusion that it is not trivial to initially engage women in big game hunts.’
Statistical analysis of ancient hunter gatherings concludes that between 30 and 50% of hunters in these populations were women – a stark contrast to similar numbers for the recent hunter-gathering, usually lower.
Even in agrarian and capitalist societies, hunting is often a male-dominated activity with low levels of female participation.
The researcher’s assessment also revealed that the woman buried at Wilamaya Patjxa represents the earliest known hunter burial in America.
Article author and anthropologist Randy Haas of the University of California, Davis, said: ‘We believe these findings are particularly timely based on contemporary conversations surrounding gender labor practices. and inequality ‘. In the photo, researchers screen the remains at the Wilamaya Patjxa excavation site in the Andes
Their findings may shed light on the division of labor in early human societies – but that also raises new questions that need answers, the researchers said.
With their initial research completed, the team is now looking to explore how the sex division of labor – and its consequences – change in ban hunter populations. first in the Americas and how it changes over time.
The full findings of the study were published in the journal Science Advances.
The hunter’s remains and her artifacts were found in a grave at present-day high archaeological site Wilamaya Patjxa, in Peru.