The United Arab Emirates became the first Gulf Arab country to reach an agreement to normalize relations with Israel, limiting years of discreet contact between the two countries on trade and technology.
The so-called “The Abraham Agreement “US President Donald Trump’s statement on Thursday guarantees Israel’s commitment to stopping further annexation of Palestinian lands in the occupied West Bank.
However, speaking to later reporters in Tel Aviv, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said he agreed to “delay” the merger as part of the agreement with the UAE, but plans remain “on the table. “.
The UAE is also the third Arab country to reach such an agreement with Israel, after Jordan and Egypt.
Here’s how the various stakeholders in the Israel-Palestine conflict and other countries responded to the Israel-UAE agreement:
In a statement issued by his spokesperson, Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas rejected the accord.
Nabil Abu Rudeineh, Abbas’ senior advisor, said: “The Palestinian leadership’s rejection and condemnation of the tripartite announcement by the UAE, Israel and the US, is surprising.
Abu Rudeineh, reading a statement outside Abbas’ headquarters in Ramallah, the occupied West Bank, said the deal was “a betrayal of Jerusalem, Al-Aqsa and the righteousness of the Palestinians.”
Hanan Ashrawi, an outspoken member of the Palestinian Liberation Organization executive committee who has held various leadership positions in Palestine, says the UAE’s announcement is equivalent to being sold by “friends”. stand.
May you never have to go through the pain of your country being stolen; you may never feel pain living in captivity under occupation; You can never witness your home being destroyed or your loved ones killed. May you never be sold by your “friends”. https://t.co/CBaNl1QQqx
– Hanan Ashrawi (@DrHananAshrawi) August 13, 2020
Hamas rejected the US-mediated agreement to establish official relations between Israel and the UAE in exchange for Israel’s abandonment of its plan to annex West Bank lands, saying it did not serve Palestinian purposes.
“This agreement was not at all at the service of the Palestinian cause, but for the story of Zionism. This agreement encouraged occupation. [by Israel] continues to deny the rights of our Palestinians, and even continues to commit crimes against our people, ” Hamas spokesman Hazem Qassem said in statement.
“It was necessary to support our people’s justified struggle against the occupation and not to make agreements with this occupier, and any takeovers that we would face by a Palestinian confrontation backed by Arabs and internationals, not by signing normalization agreements with them [Israel]. “
Jordan Foreign Minister Ayman Safadi said the impact of an UAE-Israel deal “depends on what Israel will do” and if Israel sees the deal as an incentive to return to the 1967 border, ” will work towards a fair peace. “
The President of Egypt Abdel Fattah el-Sisi The UAE, a close ally, welcomed the deal.
“I follow with interest and appreciate a joint statement between the United States, the United Arab Emirates and Israel to prevent Israel’s annexation of Palestinian lands and to take steps to bring about peace in the Middle East, “el-Sisi said on Twitter.
I follow with interest and appreciation a tripartite declaration between the United States of America, the United Arab Emirates and Israel regarding the agreement to prevent Israel’s annexation of the Palestinian territory.
– Abdelfattah Elsisi (@AlsisiOfficial) August 13, 2020
“I appreciate the efforts of those in charge of deal to achieve prosperity and stability in our region.”
British Prime Minister Boris Johnson welcomed the agreement between Israel and the UAE.
“The decision of the UAE and Israel to normalize relations is extremely good news,” Johnson said on Twitter.
“I deeply hope that the merger has not taken place in the West Bank and that the agreement to suspend those plans today is a welcome step on the road towards a more peaceful Middle East.”
Iran’s Tasnim news agency, part of the country’s elite Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC), said the agreement between Israel and the UAE on normalization of relations was “shameful”.
Iran’s religious leaders have yet to respond to the deal.
The agreement between Israel and the United Arab Emirates will not guarantee peace in the region, a special adviser on international affairs tweeted to a spokesman for Iran’s parliament.
Hossein Amir-Abdollahian, former deputy foreign minister, wrote: “The UAE’s new approach to normalizing fake relations, #Israeli crime does not maintain peace and security, but serves the crimes of The Zionists are going on. “
“Abu Dhabi’s behavior has nothing to justify, turning its back on Palestinian cause. That strategic mistake, #UAE, will be engulfed in the flames of Renaissanceism.”
The UAE’s new approach to normalizing relations with crime #Israel does not maintain peace and security, but serves the ongoing Zionist crimes. Abu Dhabi’s behavior has no justification, turning its back on Palestinian cause. W / that strategic mistake, #UAE will be engulfed in the flames of Renaissanceism. pic.twitter.com/NDNy94laa8
– H.amirabdollahian (@Amirabdolahian) August 13, 2020
In a statement, Democratic presidential candidate Joe Biden said: “The proposal of the UAE to recognize the State of Israel is a welcome, courageous and much needed act … The Biden government- Harris will seek to build this progress, and will challenge all countries in the region to keep pace. “
Biden also mentioned the takeover: “The takeover will be a blow to the peace goal, which is why I am against it now and will oppose it as president,” he said.
UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres welcomed “any initiative that could promote peace and security in the Middle East”, a UN spokesman said.
Response on Twitter
Lisa Goldman, co-founder of 972Mag, a news and commentary website focused on Israel and Palestine, said, “Netanyahu never intended to annex” the West Bank, but the UAE is “declaring an external victory. In exchange for what could be a lot. Very valuable security cooperation from Israel. As usual, all supported by the Palestinians. “
Netanyahu never intended to take Bank W. But we are here, with the UAE proclaiming a diplomatic victory in exchange for very valuable security cooperation from Israel. All were in the back of the Palestinians, as usual. https://t.co/bpGp4B81JS
– Lisa Goldman (@lisang) August 13, 2020
This move also caused some Palestinians to think that it was not the right time and offended the hundreds of thousands of Palestinians living in the UAE.
Mohammed Hemish, who works in the media sector at al-Shabaka, the leading Palestinian policy network, has criticized the UAE for its treatment of Palestinians who moved to Emirates after the establishment of the state of Israel in 1948. , which displaced more than 700,000 Palestinians, and subsequent wars displaced more.
Okay … here’s what hundreds of thousands of Palestinians live in the UAE and have spilled blood and sweat on the building it deserves: an announcement from a far-right US president of the normal deal with a far-right Israeli government. pic.twitter.com/Wpn0xL8WLD
– Mohammed Hemish (@MohamedHemish) August 13, 2020
Leftist group J Street welcomed announcements that Israel is suspending plans to merge parts of the West Bank and the UAE and Israel is taking steps to establish more normalized relations.
The group said in a statement: “It should be made clear that this is not simply a short-term suspension of a harmful idea, and that the United States and the international community should ask Israel to commit permanently. conduct any unilateral takeovers “. .
“The agreement between Israel and the UAE to move towards full normalization of relations is also welcome news for all who wish to see a stable and prosperous Israel, living in peace and security alongside. all neighboring countries in the region, “the statement said. “That is just the latest evidence that dialogue and diplomacy, rather than unilateral action and aggression, are the path to long-term security.”