Red meat or green vegetables, leaves? Drinks with sugar or red wine? Choosing an anti-inflammatory diet may reduce the long-term risk of heart disease, researchers say.
The findings were published in the November 10 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.
Researchers from the Harvard TH Chan School of Public Health, along with other organizations, have followed more than 210,000 people through various studies dating back to 1984. Participants responded to a four-year survey. once on their diet.
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“Our study is one of the first to link the inflammatory index of a food-based diet to the long-term risk of cardiovascular disease,” said Dr. Jun Li, lead author of the study. and research scientist at the Department of Nutrition at the Harvard TH Chan School of Public Health, said in a press release.
After controlling for other factors, including body mass index (BMI), exercise and family history, an anti-inflammatory diet showed a 46% increased risk of heart disease and a stroke. Stroke increased by 28% when compared to participants on an anti-inflammatory diet, according to the release.
To fight inflammation, study authors recommend green leafy vegetables, yellow peppers, whole grains, coffee, and wine, among other options. On the other hand, the diet that contributes to inflammation includes red meat, refined sugars, soft drinks and fried foods, among others.
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In the study, the authors noted how important inflammation plays a role in the development of heart disease.
Dr. Ramon Estruch, senior consultant in the department of internal medicine at the Clinic Hospital in Barcelona, Spain, and the author of an accompanying editorial comment, said in the release.
Estruch adds: “When choosing foods in our diet, we should really be mindful of their anti-inflammatory and swelling abilities.
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